Eulogies

The Eulogy by Great Marja and Interpreter of Quran Hazrat Ayatullah Al Uzma “Nasir Makarim Shirazi “(May Allah increase his life span)

The great researcher and scholar “Late Mir Hamid Hussain Hindi” was a noble and a great propagator and Mujahid of spreading the Knowledge of Ahlul Bayt (AS) of his time. In his blessed life of 60 years he has left behind, in relation with Ahlul Bayt (AS) a great sign of himself.

Abqat ul Anwar his one of his great knowledgeable work. It is such a comprehensive book written on the topic of Wilayat from different Islamic sources especially from Ahle Sunnat‘s famous and well known sources that before and after him  there is no one who has written such a comprehensive and vast book on the topic of Wilayat. He was an extremely hard working a Scholar and researcher. He was constantly day and night involved in writing. He wrote so excessively that his right hand fingers gave up, he continued writing with his left hand till the end of his life. His knowledge was vast, memory strong and methodology of research unique. The great libraries of India were well within his reach and he took complete advantage of this bounty of Allah and took the responsibility of writing ABAQAT .He completed his work in 10 volumes. When this great work of him was published and reached Najaf, the great scholars of the time like Mirza Shirazi and Shaikh Zainul Abedeen Mazandarani and other great scholars of the time wrote absolute important Eulogy on his work and praised his work. To the effect that likes of great religious scholars like Shaikh Abbas Hindi sherwani wrote a special book in the name of  Sawateh anwar fi taqrezzat Abaqat Anwar .In these books it is mentioned that within a year of publication of this blessed  book   a number of people accepted Maktab-e-Ahlul Bayt.

Due to the vastness and comprehensive of this book it was not possible for all the levels of the people to derive benefit from this book, therefore Some of the researcher were of the opinion that the summary of this great book must be published in this regard the name of Ayatullah Milani (may Allah increase his life span) emerged out. He wrote Nafhatul Azhar fi khulasatul Abaqt ul Anwar in 19 volumes.

Abaqat ‘s language is mixed Persian and Arabic naturally for Urdu speaking people it was not possible for them to take full advantage from Abaqat as it should be. Hence respected Hujjat ul Islam janab Shujaat Hindi translated it in Urdu which resulted in benefit of Muslims of Indian subcontinent. This translation work is gaining momentum and the first work has been published in Urdu. This publication will become a cause of happiness for the lovers of Ahlul Bayt. We hope that the Urdu speaking people will study this book especially the youths will be inclined for its study. May Allah tabaraka wa taala accept his services and consider ourselves as the servant of  khandan-e- Risalat.

Qum Houzeh Ilmiya
Nasir Makarim Shirazi
Moharram 1422.

Eulogy By: Teacher of Islam and Translator of Tafseer Al Mizan “Allameh Sayed Saeed Akhtar Rizvi (RA)”.

Founder: Bilal Muslim Mission Tanzania

Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlavi wrote his book Tuhfeh¬ Isna Ashariya opened the door for discussion and debate amongst the Muslims of Indian subcontinent. Tuhfeh was published in 1204 AH (1780-1790) and was immediately spead. Maulvi Aslam Madrasi (d.1272 AH, 1755-1756 AD) translated it into Arabic and son of Nawab Ali Mohammed walajah sent it to Middle East countries. A short summary was published in Egypt. Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan Aligarh translated the 10th and 12th chapter of Tuhfeh into Urdu and published in the name of Taufeh Hasan in the year 1260 AH (1844 AD)

The refutation of Tuhfeh was written in the year 1206 AH. (1792 AD) just within two years of its publication by fourth Martyr Mirza Mohammed Kamil Kashmiri Dehlavi, Nazhayah Isna ashriyah in 12 volumes. Every chapter was refutation of one chapter of Tuhfeh. The first, third, fourth, fifth and ninth volume are already published, the whereabouts of other volumes are not known. Mirza Mohammed kamil was poisoned by the relatives of the second Akbar Shah in 1235 AH. (1819 to 1820 AD)

According to Kashf ul Hujub The refutation of the First and second chapter of Theft was by Mirza Mohammed Akbari Nishapuri (Marytdom:1233AH, 1817-1818AD) in the name of Saif Maslool.Because there were voices  raised from Sunni quarters that Tuhfeh Isna ashari is still not answered therefore it will be very beneficial to quote some of the books written as answer to Tuhfeh.

1-    The answers of the First chapter of Tuhfeh (The beginning of Shia Faith and its branches)
A-Saif Maslool (Mirza Mohammed Akhbari Nishapuri)
B-Nazhiyah Asna ashriya (Mirza Mohammed Kamil) First Volume Printed in Lucknow.
C- al-Sayf al-nasiri (Mufti Mohammed Quli) I am aware about two hand written copies out of which one is in my personal library Kitab Khan-e- Riyaze Maarif.

2-    The answers of the second chapter of Tuhfeh (The beliefs of Shias)
A-Saif Maslool (Mirza Mohammed Akhbari Nishapuri)
B- Taqlid al-¬maka’id (Mufti Mohammed Quli) Printed in Delhi

3-    The answers of the third chapter of Tuhfeh (Shia Ulema and their books)
A-    Nazhiyah Asna ashriya (Mirza Mohammed Kamil) Volume 3, the hand written copy of this is available in India Office Library in Delhi Persian collection. Now the India Office library is amalgamated with British Library.

4-    The answers of the fourth chapter of Tuhfeh (Shia Ahadith and their narrators)
A-Nazhiyah Asna ashriya (Mirza Mohammed Kamil) Fourth Volume Printed in Ludhiana (1279 AH, 1862-1863AD)

5-    The answers of the fifth chapter of Tuhfeh (Ilahiyat)
A-Nazhiyah Asna ashriya (Mirza Mohammed Kamil) Volume 5
B-Swarim ul Ilahiyah (Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab) printed in Calcutta (1218 AH, 1803-04 AD)

6-    The answers of the Sixth chapter of Tuhfeh (Nabuwaat)
A-Hasam-ul-Islam (Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab) printed in Calcutta (1218 AH, 1803-04)

7-    The answers of the Seventh chapter of Tuhfeh (Imamat)
A-Risaleh Gaibat (Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab) printed in Calcutta (1218 AH, 1803-04 AD)
B- Al-¬Bawariq al-¬mubiqah (Sultan ul Ulema Sayed Mohammed bin Gufran Maab)
C-Al-Jawahir al-Abqariyyah (Mufti Sayed Mohammed Abbas Sushtari) Printed in Lucknow( 1271 AH, 1854-55 AD)
D- Burhan al-¬sa’adah (Mufti Mohammed Quli ) Hand written copy Reza Library Rampur
E-Abqat-ul Anwar (Mir Sayed Hamid Hussain Musavi) A detailed discussion of this book will come later.

8-    The answers of the Eight chapter of Tuhfeh (Maad)
A-Ahya-ul Sunnat (Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab) printed in Calcutta and Ludhiana(1281 AH, 1864-1865)

9-    The answers of the Ninth chapter of Tuhfeh (Masail Fiqh)
A-Nazhiyah Asna ashriya (Mirza Mohammed Kamil) Hand written copy Reza Library Rampur
B-    Mahajjat al-¬Burhan (Sayed Jafar Abu Ali) Hand written copy Reza Library Rampur

10-    The answers of the Tenth chapter of Tuhfeh (Maataein)
A-    Ta’n al-¬rimah (Sultanul Ulema Sayed Mohammed) Printed in Lucknow (1238 AH, 1822-23 AD)
B-    Tashyid al-¬mata’in li kashf al-¬dagha’in (Mufti Mohammed Quli) Volume 1 pages 1910, Volume 2 pages 442 printed Ludhiana (1283 AH, 1866-67 AD) Recently it has been offset printed in Qum
C-    Baarqah Zaigamiyah Dar Mouzih Muta( Sultan ul Ulema Sayed Mohammed)
D-    Taksir al-¬sanamayn (Sayed Jafar Abu Ali)

11-    The answers of the Eleventh chapter of Tuhfeh (Characteristic of Shia Faith)
A-    Masari’ al-¬afham li qal’ al-awham. (Mufti Mohammed Quli) Hand written copy: Nasariyah library Lucknow

12-    The answers of the Twelfth chapter of Tuhfeh (Tawalla wa Tabarra)
A-Zulfikar (Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab) printed in Ludhiana (1281 AH, 1864-65 AD)
B-Tardul Manadeen ( Sultan ul Ulema Sayed Mohammed)
Tauhfa was written in Persian therefore these answers were also in Persian. Famous Adeeb Mirza Mohammed Hadi Ruswa (d. 1250 AH, 1931-32 AD) answered Tuhfeh in Urdu in 15 volumes in the name Tuhfeh Sunnah which according to the report of Matlaeh Anwari is available in the library of Madrast ul Waizeen.

Why Abaqat al Anwar was written

Al-Imam Sayyid Hamid Husayn Lakhnowi quddisa sirruh wrote his great work ‘Abaqat al-Anwar fi imamat al- ‘A’immat al-athar. in Persian as a refutation of the seventh chapter of Tuhfehye ithna ‘ashariyyah of Shah ‘Abd al-Aziz al-Dehlawi (1159 1239/1746 1823). In twelve chapters of this work, which is said to be a plagiary in Persian of al-Sawa’iq al-mubiqah by an obscure writer Nasr Allah al-Kabuli, Shah ‘Abd al-Aziz severely attacked Shi’i doctrines, beliefs and practices. Shah ‘Abd al-Aziz’s book was an effort to check the expanding influence of Shi’ism, which had begun to flourish under the patronage of the Shi’i kingdom of Awadh and under the religious leadership of the great Shi’i scholar and mujtahid Sayyid Dildar ‘Ali ibn Muhammad Mu’in al-Naqawi al-Nasirabadi (116 1235/1752 1819), known as Ghufran Ma’ab.

Shah ‘Abd al-Aziz’s attack and accusations drew a massive response from Shi’i scholars. ‘Allamah ‘Abd al-Aziz Tabataba’i mentions the following authors who wrote refutations of Tuhfehye ithna ‘ashariyyah:

  1. Sayyid Dildar ‘Ali al-Naqawi al-Nasirabadi

who wrote five books refuting various chapters of the Tuhfah:

  • A-al-Sawarim al-ilahiyyat fi qat’ shubuhat ‘abid al-Uzza wa al-Lat (1215/1800), a refutation of the fifth chapter of the Tuhfah regarding theological issues;
  • B-Khatimat al-Sawarim, a refutation of the seventh chapter concerning the Shi’i doctrine of Imamate;
  • C-Husam al-Islam wa siham al-malam (Calcutta, 1215/1800), a refutation of the sixth chapter of the Tuhfah concerning prophet hood;
  • D-Ihya’ al-Sunnah wa imatat al-bid’ah bi ta’n al-asinnah (1281/1864), a refutation of the eighth chapter of the Tuhfah;
  • E-al-Zulfiqar, a refutation of the twelfth chapter.
  1. Shaykh Jamal al-Din Abu Ahmad Mirza Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Nabi Akbarabadi (d. 1232/1816)

who wrote : Sayf Allah al-maslul ‘ala mukharribi Din al-Rasul, in six big volumes, as refutation of all the chapters of the Tuhfah.

  1. ‘Allamah Mirza Muhammad ibn ‘Inayat Ahmad Khan Kashmiri Dehlawi (d. 1235/1820)

He wrote: Nuzhat al-Ithna ‘Ashariyyah fi al-radd ‘ala al-Tuhfat al-ithna ‘ashariyyah in twelve volumes, of which the first, third, fourth, fifth and seventh volumes were published (1255/ 1839) and others remained incomplete.

  1. Mawlawi Hasan ibn Aman Allah Dehlawi ‘Azimabadi (d. c. 1260/ 1844)

He wrote Tajhiz al-jaysh li kasr sanamay Quraysh, as a refutation of all the chapters of the Tuhfah.

  1. ‘Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Quli ibn Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Lackhnowi Kanturi (d. 1260/1844)

He is father of Sayyid Hamid Husayn, who wrote five books in refutation of different chapters of the Tuhfah:

  • A-    al-Sayf al-nasiri on the first chapter,
  • B-    Taqlid al-maka’id (Calcutta, 1262/1846) on the second chapter,
  • C-    Burhan al-sa’adah on the seventh chapter,
  • D-    Tashyid al-mata’in li kashf al-dagha’in in two volumes (1283/1866) on the tenth chapter,
  • E-     and Masari’ al-afham li qal’ al-awham.
  1. Mawlawi Khayr al-Din Muhammad Allahabadi

He wrote: Hidayat al-Aziz (or Hadiyyat al-Aziz) as a refutation of the fourth chapter of the Tuhfah about usul al-hadith and rijal.

  1. ‘Allamah Sayyid Muhammad ibn Sayyid Dildar ‘Ali (d. 1284/ 1867) known as Sultan al-‘Ulama’

He wrote two books, one in Persian and the other in Arabic, in refutation of the seventh chapter of the Tuhfah concerning Imamate, of which the former was entitled al-Bawariq al-mubiqah. He also wrote Ta’n al-rimah in refutation of the tenth chapter.

  1. Sayyid Ja’far Abu ‘Ali Khan ibn Ghulam ‘Ali Musawi Banarasi

He wrote :

  • A-Burhan al-sadiqin and Mahajjat al-Burhan (a condensation of the former) in refutation of the seventh chapter
  • B-and Taksir al-sanamayn in refutation of the tenth chapter.
  1. ‘Allamah Sayyid Mufti Muhammad ‘Abbas Musawi Tustari Jaza’iri (d. 1306/1888)

He wrote :al-Jawahir al-Abqariyyah in refutation of the Tuhfah’s seventh chapter.

  1. Al-Shaykh Ahmad ibn ‘Ali Kirmanshahi (d. 1235/1819)

He wrote : Kashf al-shubhah ‘an hilyat al-mut’ah (MS dated 1227 H. in the National Museum, Karachi), in refutation of the ninth chapter.

11. Abaqat al-Anwar

However, the most important work that was written as a refutation of the seventh chapter of the Tuhfah concerning the Shi’i doctrine of Imamate was ‘Abaqat al-Anwar, which was destined to take its place not only as the greatest work on Imamate ever written but also perhaps as one of the greatest masterpieces of scholarship ever compiled on a doctrinal issue anywhere in the history of religion.

Tohfa -e- Ithna Ashariyya and Abaqat al Anwar

Mohaddis Abdul Aziz Bin Waliullah Dehlavi‘s linage ends at Umar Ibn Khattab. He was born in 1159 AH and died in 1239 AH. His famous book is Tuhfeh which was written with the purpose of curtailing the influence and mission of Sayed Dildar Ali Gufran Maab. This was the precise reason that the first one to refute Tuhfeh was Gufan Maab himself.

Tuhfeh was published in the beginning of the 13 century Hijri in Persian by author’s name Gulam Haleem but in its second edition the name was changed to Abdul Aziz Mohaddis Dehlavi. In this book Mohaddis Dehlavi has discussed about the Shia believes of Tauheed, Nabuwaat, Imamat, and Maad etc. The sole purpose of writing the book was to sow the seeds of discord amongst the Muslims. Mohaddis Dehlavi in the beginning of the book emphasized that only those topics will be discussed which are acceptable to both the parties but whoever studies his book will realize that he did not do justice with his claim and the book is far from the truth and reality. Especially on the subject of Imamate. He denied all the verses of Quran and Ahadith which proves the Imamate of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS).He did it with such deceit that no example can be found elsewhere.

This is also important that Tuhfeh is plagiary of Nasrullah Kabuli’s book As Sawaiq which he translated into Persian with a little addition from his side. This book consists of 12 chapters. The list of refutations written by the scholar’s chapter wise has been mentioned by Sayed Saeed Akhtar Rizvi in his eulogy.

Mir Hamid Hussain following the footsteps of earlier Shia Ulema first have narrated the sayings of Mohandas Dehlavi and others, then answered every objection sentence by sentence rather those objections which Dehlavi could not raised, he answered them too.

For example:

No. Sayings of Mohaddis Dehlavi Refutation by Mir Hamid Hussain
1 Sibte Ibn Jauzi after quoting Hadith Saqlain in Al Ilal Mutanihiyate Fil Ahadith Al wahiyate said this Hadith is not correct Mir Hamid Hussain has refuted the saying of Ibn Jauzi by 156 reasons.

 

2 Hadith Safeena that it does not proof the Imamate of Ali (AS), surprisingly he did not object on sanad of Hadith Safeena but Ibn Taimiyah did saying that the sanad of Hadith Safeena is not mentioned in any of the reliable books.

 

Mir Hamid Hussain has first mentioned 92 people who have narrated this Hadith .The first amongst them is Shafeii, Then Ahmed, Then Muslim then continued till his own time (i.e. fourteen century). He mentioned there exact statement because discussion of Narrators is preferred over discussion of dalalah. This way he destroyed the foundation of statement of Mohaddis Dehlavi as well as Ibn Taiymiyyah.

 

 

Mir Hamid Hussain has unveiled many of the truths while investigating the sayings of his opponents has reached to their roots. Mir Hamid proved that Mohaddis Dehlavi has not said something new but just the repetitions of his seniors which have been answered and refuted hundreds of time. He proved that Tuhfeh is plagiary of Nasrullah Kabuli’s book As-Sawaiq with addition from his father and Hesamudden Saharanpuri. Also Mohaddis Dehlavi Bustanul Mohaddaseen is a plagiary of Tajudden dahan’s Kifayatul Mattalleh.

While refuting Tuhfeh Mir Hamid has unveiled many unfounded claims Example:

No. Sayings of Mohaddis Dehlavi Unveiling the false claim by Mir Hamid Hussain
1 A group says that Ibn Jauzi has considered Hadith Tair amongst fabricated traditions This is false attribution towards Ibn Jauzi he has not done so.

.

 

2 It is said about Hafiz Yahya bin Moeen that in the context of Hadith Ana Madinatul Ilm that it is devoid of reality It is absolutely false saying about Hafiz Yahya bin Moeen. He never said it.

 

3 About Tirmidhi it is said that he considered Hadith Madina amongst rare hadith Tirmidhi has said nothing like it.

 

4 Shamsuddeen Ibn Jauzi it is said that He does not accept Hadith Madina It is wrongly attributed to him
5 Ibn Taimiyah has reasoned from a Hadith and said that it is found in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim The Hadith is:”Once Prohet (S) asked Abu Bakr and Umar regarding Isra .Abu Bakr said Fidiaa should be taken from him and Umar said he should killed after listening Prophet (S) said regarding Abu Bakr he is like Hazrat Ibraheem and Hazrat Eisa and Umar like Hazrat Nooh “.

 

The Hadith is   found neither in Sahih Bukhari nor Sahih Muslim.
6 Allameh Hilli after narrating Hadith Ishbah (Whoever wants to see Ilm of Adam, piety of Nooh…….should look at Ali (AS)) from Baihaqi .Then he has done istedlal with it.But some people have denied the narration from Bahaiqi. Mir Hamid has done a lengthy discussion on it and said This is wrong attribute towards Baihaqui
7 Imam Razi has claimed that Ibn Ishaq has not narrated Hadith Ghadeer which proves it to be a weak tradition This claim is false and Ibn Ishaq has narrated Hadith Ghadeer, in fact he is amongst one of the Narrators and a group of people have narrated Hadith Ghadeer from Ibn Ishaq himself.

 

8 Shaikh Ali Qari and Waliullah Dehlavi related the fabricated tradition “Do follow after me the two, means Abu Bakr and Umar”. To Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. This is wrong and Hakim Nishapuri in his book “Mustadrak ala Shaiyaeen” after narrating the hadith clarified that it is not mentioned in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

 

Mir Hamid has also discussed in details about various alteration and changes in number of Ahadith.

For the same reason the opponents till today could not answer Abaqat .Therefore there is consensus amongst Shia Ulema that in past and present there is no book written like Abaqat.

 

Abaqat al-Anwar – The Empirical Book of Shia Islam

Abaqat al-AnwarAbaqat al-Anwar is not only a greatest work on Imamat ever written but also perhaps as one of the greatest masterpieces of scholarship ever compiled on a doctrinal issue anywhere in the history of any religion.

Aqa Buzurg Tehrani says about the Abaqat al-Anwar: “It is the greatest of books compiled on the subject (ie. Imamat) from the outset of the Islamic era to the present.”

1-Mirza Abul Fazl Author of Shafa-us Sudur

Abaqat is the book by Mir Hamid Hussain, ‘The Great Sayed’, ‘The Perfect Mohaddis’, ‘The shining star of Hind’, ‘Pride of Lucknow’,  ‘The Last of Mutakallimin’, May Allah sends His Blessing on his Grave.
Since the beginning of Ilm Kalam till the day of writing of this Book .No book has been written like it, Where the sayings of “ Excellence of Aimma Athar “ has been collected from the books of opponents themselves.
Ref; Safa us sudur 99-100.

2-Sayed Mohsin Ameen Aamuli Author of Ayan-us Shia

The Book written in Persian Abqatul Anwar is such that, never a book has been written on this topic in the past as well as present. Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlavi the Author of Tuhfeh with different excuses has denied all those Ahadith which proves the Imamat of Ali (AS). The Author of Abaqat has established the continuity (Tawator) of those Ahadith from the books of Ahle Sunnat themselves. One can understand the comprehensives of the knowledge of the author. One of the volumes of Abaqat is regarding Hadith Tair. All the volumes are published from India. I have done study of it and found it is bursting spring and free flowing river of knowledge and then I realized the vastness of knowledge of the Author.
Ayan-us Shia vol 18 p 371

3-Shaikh Buzurg Tehrani Author Az zariyah ila Tasanif Shia

“Abaqat al-Anwar: It is the greatest of books compiled on the subject (ie. Imamat) from the outset of the Islamic era to the present.”
Alamus-shia Vol 1 p 348

Sheikh Buzurg Tehrani writes at another place, “This book is one amongst Theology (Kalami), Narrators (Rijali)  and  History (Tarikhi) book. It contains knowedges which has not been discussed earlier in any of the books”.
Mosaffal Makal fi musannaf fi ilm rijal p 149

4-Sheikh Abbas Qummi Author of Safinat-ul- Bihar

Since the advent of Islam till the present day, No book has been written like Abaqat .It is not possible to write such a book without Taufeeq and Grace from Allah and Special Attention of Wali ASR (AJTF).
Hadeyatul ahbab p 177 and Fawaid-e- Razaviya

5-Mohaqaiq Shaikh Mohammed Ali Tabrezi Author of Rehant-ul- Ahbab

Whoever read Abaqat  will conclude the in Ilm Qalam especially on the topic of Imamat, since the advent of Islam till the day none has written such a book with such unique methodology. Such a comprehensive knowledge is possible only by the help Allah and attention of Wali Asr (AJTF)

6-Allameh Ameeni Author of Al- Ghadeer

Mir Hamid Hussain Hindi Lucknowi, who died in the year 1306 AH at the age of sixty, wrote two big volumes of Hadith Ghadeer comprising of 1080 pages. He wrote about the continuous chain of narrators and meaning of Hadith Ghadeer. These two volumes are bigger as compared to other volumes of Abaqat. The Great Sayed like his pure father was always eager and ready to defend the religion of Allah from the enemies of truth. They both were great signs of Ayat-e-Ilahi. Allah through him only has finalized the truth and clarified the way. The sweet smell of Abaqat has engulfed the whole world and their stories have reached Far East and west. Whoever studies the book will realize that it is an open miracle and falsehood cannot face. I have been greatly benefitted by various knowledge from the book
Al Ghadeer Vol 1, page 156

7-Imam Al Khomeini author of Kashf-ul Asrar

The Like of Abaqat of Respected Sayed Mir Hamid Hussain has not been written so far. I have heard it is in 30 Volumes, In Iran only 15 Volumes are available. I have seen some about seven to eight volumes. New publications are on its way. It is compulsory on every person according to his capacity to see it publication and distribution, Before we lose this great encyclopedia. The enemy is in waiting for its destruction.
Kashf-ul Asrar:  p 142